Glossary of Scientific Terms and Expressions: E

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A – B – C – D – E – F – G – H – I – J – K – L – M – N – O – P – Q – R – S – T – U – V – W – X – Y – Z

  • entelegyne (en-TEL-i-jeyn): Gr. εντελης “enteles” = perfect, complete, full + Gr. γυνη = a woman, female; 1. Spider anatomy — a form of spider genitalia such that the female’s external copulatory openings typically include a sclerotized epigynum, whereas the male typically is equipped with relatively complex palpi; 2. Taxonomy — a reference to the clade Entelegynae, which comprises most living spiders; compare with Haplogynae.
  • epigastric furrow: arachnid anatomy — a transverse groove across the anterior ventral portion of the abdomen.
  • epigyne (EP-i-GEYN): see epigynum.
  • epigynum (i-Pij-i-nuhm): Gr. επι = on, upon, at, by + Gr. γυνη = a woman, female; 1. arach. —  the sclerotized region of the female spider, located between the book lungs, and positioned anterior of the epigastric furrow, that covers the internal genitalia.

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Abbreviations:

  • anat. = anatomy; arach. = arachnid; behav. = behavioral; biol. = biological (inclusive of all animals and plants); bot. = botanical (inclusive of all plants); Gr. = Greek; L. = Latin; q.v. = L. quod vide = which see; pl. = plural; taxon. = taxonomy; zool. = zoological (inclusive of all animals).

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References:

  • Allaby, Michael, Ed. 1991. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Zoology. Oxford Press.
  • Beccaloni, Jan. 2009. Arachnids; Glossary, p. 319. University of California Press, p. 56.
  • Gertsch, Willis J., 1979. American Spiders, 2nd Edition: Glossary, pp. 255-260. Von Nostrand Reinhold Company.
  • Howell, W. Mike, and Ronald L. Jenkins. 2004. Spiders of the Eastern United States; Glossary, Chapter X, pp. 341-348. Pearson Education.
  • Jackman, John A. 1997. A Field Guide to Spiders & Scorpions of Texas: Glossary pp. 173-177. Texas Monthly.
  • Kaston, B. J. 1978. How to know the spiders: Index and Pictured Glossary, pp. 267-272. McGraw Hill Company.
  • Preston-Mafham, Rod. 1996. The Book of Spiders and Scorpions; Glossary, pp. 140-141. Barnes & Noble Books, New York.
  • Ubick, D., P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing and V. Roth, editors, 2005. Spiders of North America, Chapter 72: Glossary — pronunciation guide. Published by the American Arachnological Society.
  • Venes, Donald, Ed. 2009. Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 21st Ed. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia.
  • Williams, Tim. 2005. A Dictionary of the Roots and Combining Forms of Scientific Words. Squirrox Press, Norfolk, England.

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