This glossary was compiled by volunteer megatheria, i.e., scientists of all ages, from a variety of scientific disciplines, using multiple sources, including the references listed at the end of this article:


  • Zodariidae Thorell 1881 (zoh-duh-REE-uh-dee): Gr. ξωδαριον “zodarion” = little animal + the suffix -idae, which by convention is suffixed to the names of some zoological families; 1. arach. — a family of small to medium sized ecribellate, entelegyne, trionychous (= having three tarsal claws) spiders; zodarians are distinguished from other trionychans by having enlarged ALS and greatly reduced posterior spinnerets, and by lacking a serrula (q.v.).
  • Zoridae F.O.P.-Cambridge 1893: Gr. ξωαριον “zoarion” = little animal (in general) + the suffix -idae, which by convention is suffixed to the names of some zoological families; 1. arach. — a family of small, dionychous (= having two tarsal claws), ecribellate, entelegyne spiders with eyes in three rows (4,2,2) in dorsal view, the AER being nearly straight, and the PER strongly recurved.



anat. = anatomy; arach. = arachnid; behav. = behavioral; biol. = biological (inclusive of all animals and plants); bot. = botanical (inclusive of all plants); Gr. = Greek; L. = Latin; q.v. = L. quod vide = which see; pl. = plural; taxon. = taxonomy; zool. = zoological (inclusive of all animals).


  1. Allaby, Michael, Ed. 1991. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Zoology. Oxford Press.
  2. Beccaloni, Jan. 2009. Arachnids; Glossary, p. 319. University of California Press, p. 56.
  3. Gertsch, Willis J., 1979. American Spiders, 2nd Edition: Glossary, pp. 255-260. Von Nostrand Reinhold Company.
  4. Howell, W. Mike, and Ronald L. Jenkins. 2004. Spiders of the Eastern United States; Glossary, Chapter X, pp. 341-348. Pearson Education.
  5. Jackman, John A. 1997. A Field Guide to Spiders & Scorpions of Texas: Glossary pp. 173-177. Texas Monthly.
  6. Kaston, B. J. 1978. How to know the spiders: Index and Pictured Glossary, pp. 267-272. McGraw Hill Company.
  7. Preston-Mafham, Rod. 1996. The Book of Spiders and Scorpions; Glossary, pp. 140-141. Barnes & Noble Books, New York.
  8. Ubick, D., P. Paquin, P.E. Cusing and V. Roth, editors, 2005. Spiders of North America, Chapter 72: Glossary — pronunciation guide. Published by the American Arachnological Society.
  9. Venes, Donald, Ed. 2009. Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 21st Ed. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia.
  10. Williams, Tim. 2005. A Dictionary of the Roots and Combining Forms of Scientific Words. Squirrox Press, Norfolk, England.


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